**Bronze Basin error of 1 Kings 7:23?**

In dealing with the sea of brass in 1 Kings 7:23 and also in 2 Chronicles 4:2 "Now he made the sea of cast {metal} ten cubits from brim to brim, circular in form,
and its height was five cubits, __and thirty cubits in circumference.__"
where the problem is the circumference given is mathematically incorrect because
the ratio of a circle's circumference to its diameter is "pi" which has a value
of 3.14159265358979->. The decimal digits are never ending and have been
measured out to over 100,000 digits. Most usage of pi is done with a
finite number of decimal digits. Notice that the scriptural notation
is giving a round number without the decimals which is the supposed error.

Some very good analysis has been done in this area and here are the points to consider:

(1) The "sea of brass" referenced in these scriptures, it is unknown whether the dimensions were based on the inside of the basin or the outside which includes the thickness of the vessel and is described as a "handbreath" in 1 Kings 7:26 "It was a handbreadth thick, and its brim was made like the brim of a cup, {as} a lily blossom; it could hold two thousand baths.". This is estimated to be around 3.5 inches thick. Additionally, there top of the basin was fashioned as a brim and turned outward as described in 1 Kings 7:24 which would make the outside area larger and thus the inner diameter less, around the thirty cubits. Note that there is many examples in our society today which we do not hold to exact preciseness such as the 24 hour day is really 23 hours, 56 minutes and 4 seconds.

(2) There is a spelling error in the Hebrew on the scripture references. The Hebrew for circumference is "qav" but in the source text it is spelt "qaveh". When scribes found variations, problems or possible errors, they could possibly put a notation in the margins which is called a "Kethiv" where the notation is called "qere". Often these types of Kethiv were regarded to be a "remez" which means a hint of something deeper to be understood from the scripture. From notes on this taken from a Chuck Missler's article:

"Numerical Values The Hebrew alphabet is alphanumeric: each Hebrew letter also has a numerical value and can be used as a number. The q has a value of 100; the v has a value of 6; thus, the normal spelling would yield a numerical value of 106. The addition of the h, with a value of 5, increases the numerical value to 111. This indicates an adjustment of the ratio 111/106, or 31.41509433962 cubits. Assuming that a cubit was 1.5 ft.,3 this 15-foot-wide bowl would have had a circumference of 47.12388980385 feet.

This Hebrew "code" results in 47.12264150943 feet, or an error of less than 15 thousandths of an inch! (This error is 15 times better than the 22/7 estimate that we were accustomed to using in school!) How did they accomplish this? This accuracy would seem to vastly exceed the precision of their instrumentation. How would they know this? How was it encoded into the text?"

As also noted in the Chuck Missler article, there is a controversy on who was the first historical group to use numerical values for their language's letters. Popular information given in many educational sources often state, as if it is a fact, that the Hebrews took this from the Greeks. The problem with so much of the World's education system dealing with History and Evolution is it is always changing. The valid grievance is it should not be stated it is a fact when it can't be proven and is only a speculation or a theory. In the example of the Hebrew text, there is old manuscripts that date back hundreds of years before the Greeks became a world power entering into the Middle East so the rhetorical question could be asked is what was the catalyst for Hebrew taking on the same numerical value concepts from the Greeks.

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